Refinancing may refer to the replacement of an existing debt obligation with another debt obligation under different terms. The terms and conditions of refinancing may vary widely by country, province, or state, based on several economic factors such as, inherent risk, projected risk, political stability of a nation, currency stability, banking regulations, borrower’s credit worthiness, and credit rating of a nation. In many industrialized nations, a common form of refinancing is for a place of primary residency mortgage.
Refinancing can also be referred to as the process of obtaining a new mortgage in an effort to reduce monthly payments, lower your interest rates, take cash out of your home for large purchases, or change mortgage companies. Most people refinance when they have equity on their home, which is the difference between the amount owed to the mortgage company and the worth of the home.
1. To secure a lower interest rate.
The main reason to refinance your current loan is taking advantage of a lower interest rate. A general rule of thumb is that a refinancing option should be considered if it is at least 2% below the current interest rate. Reducing your interest rate not only helps you save money, but it increases the rate at which you build equity in your home, and it can decrease the size of your monthly payment. For example, a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage with an interest rate of 9% on a $100,000 home has a principal and interest payment of $804.62. That same loan at 6% reduces your payment to $599.55.
2. Tapping Equity
A major benefit of refinancing is that it allows you to access the equity in your home. You can get a line of credit based on the value of your home and the amount that you’ve already paid on your mortgage. This is a great way to fund home renovations, pay for university costs or make an essential big-ticket purchase. The interest rate is equal to your mortgage rate, so borrowing from the equity in your home tends to be the most cost-effective financing option available to homeowners.
3. Shortening the Loan’s Term
When interest rates fall, there is an opportunity for homeowners to refinance another loan without much change to the monthly payment but a significant change in the term of which the loan is paid back.
One of the largest risk of refinancing your home is that it may incur penalties as a result of paying your existing mortgage with your line of home equity credit. The penalty is incurred as most mortgage agreements has a provision which allows the company to charge you for this and can amount to a few thousand dollars. Along these same lines, there are additional fees to be aware of before refinancing. These costs include paying for an attorney to ensure you are getting the most beneficial deal possible and handle paperwork you might not feel comfortable filling out, and bank fees. To counteract or avoid entirely these bank fees, it is best to shop around or wait for low fee or free refinancing. Compared to the amount of money you may be getting from your new line of credit, but saving thousands of dollars in the long run is always worth considering.